Pools - Above and In-Ground
Revised: February 2016
Pool Information - Above and In-Ground
- A building permit is required. The following is required:
- Building permit application filled out.
- 1 copy of the plat of survey, with the pool drawn on it, noting dimensions of the pool, pool deck and the dimensions to all lot lines and to the house.
- 2 sets of plans, indicate all electrical work.
- (Grading plan, may be required.)
- All contractors are required to be licensed.
- A swimming pool is any above-ground or in-ground structure used or capable of being used for swimming, wading or bathing, 24-inches or more in depth, or with a surface area exceeding 75 square feet, including inflatable pools.
- Pools and all other detached accessory structures shall not exceed 30% of the rear yard area (the land area behind the house), and are not permitted within the side or front yard (that area in front of a house or directly to the side of a house, for example.)
- Detached accessory structures are to be at least 5 feet from side and rear lot lines, (15 ft if a corner lot) and they are to be located outside easements.
- Pools are not to drain onto adjacent properties.
- Electrical and pool final inspections are required for all pools. If pool is heated, gas line inspection is also required.
Fence, Safety Barrier Requirements
- All pools are required to be surrounded by a fence, either surrounding the yard, the pool area or pool itself. Such fence, including gates, is to be at least 4 feet tall or extend at least 4 feet above the adjacent grade.
- Gates are to be self-closing and self-latching. Latches must be placed at least 4 feet above grade.
- A separate fence permit is required.
- The house may act as part of the required safety barrier, provided:
- If there is a door from the house to the pool, there shall be an audible alarm on the door or a power safety cover.
- Doors opening onto the pool area shall be self-closing, self-latching with a release 54 inches above the floor and swing away from the pool area.
- A deck which opens onto the pool shall require a safety barrier and shall comply with the ety barrier requirements including stairs and gates.
- A deck which opens onto the pool and which provides direct access to a house door shall be an alarm on the door or power safety cover.
- A fence is not required if the following conditions are met, related to above ground pools:
- The walls of the pool are at least 3 feet in height from every point along the adjoining ground of the pool, and the pool has a fence or other barrier that is permanently attached around the entire pool as part of the pool structure and is at least 24 inches in height above the pool deck/rim.
- The pool entrance or stairway is latched or hinged, which locks at the top.
- There are not any openings or gaps between the fence and pool larger than 4 inches, except doors and gates.
Electrical Code Requirements
The City has adopted the 2011 National Fire Protection Association National Electrical Code (Electrical Code), as amended. A copy of the local amendments is available upon request.
- Overhead utility wires are not permitted within 10 feet horizontally of the wall of the pool, unless they are 22.5 feet above the water line. (Section 680.22 (A) 3 NEC)
- Underground wires are not permitted within 5 feet horizontally of the pool.
- A receptacle for the pool pump motor shall be permitted between 5-10 feet from the inside wall of the pool or fountain, shall be single (not duplex) and of the locking and grounding type. It shall be protected by a ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFI).
- Other receptacles on the property shall be located at least 10 feet from the inside wall of the pool.
- A single receptacle is required on general purpose branch circuit, not less than 6 ft but not more than 20ft from inside from the inside wall of the pool (Section 680.22(B)1.2.3 NEC)
- All 125 volt receptacles located within 20 feet of the inside wall of the pool shall be protected by a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFI).
- Lighting fixtures, lighting outlets and ceiling suspended fans (including paddle fans) shall not be installed within 5 feet of the inside walls of the pool and 12frt minimum above the water level.
- Switching devices shall be at least 5 feet horizontally from the inside of the pool wall.
- For plug-in motors, the motor can be plugged into a receptacle, provided:
- Must be GFI protected.
- Must have weather proof cover that stays closed during operation.
- Rigid HW conduit is not permitted for installation of underwater pool lighting. Fixtures need to be installed in brass or PVC type conduit
- Burial depth to comply with Table 300.5 NEC (18in – PVC ok)
Gas Line Requirements (Heater)
The City has adopted the State mandated 2014 Illinois State Plumbing Code.
- Gas line trench must be minimum 18 inches in depth.
- Gas and electrical lines may not be in same trench.
- Gas and electrical lines may cross only if electrical line is insulated.
- Underground gas line may be PVC.
- Gas line pressure fitting required.